Petrol and Diesel Price Hike: A Detailed Analysis behind Price Increase

Petrol and Diesel Price Hike

We have witnessed a steady Petrol and Diesel Price Hike over the past two years, exceeding all prior records for the price of gasoline and diesel. We will examine each and every factor contributing to the petrol price hike scenario in this thorough examination.

Now that we’ve got that out of the way, let’s talk about the first thing that many of us find surprising: India supplies Nepal with oil, but even after that, Indian gasoline is expensive. Additionally, gasoline is inexpensive in Nepal.

In India, the cost of petrol has surpassed Rs.100 per litre, while the cost of diesel has beyond Rs. 90 per litre, and prices are continuing to rise on a daily basis.

Petrol is perceived as a luxury good reserved for the wealthy and upper class. Food, vacation, transportation, and other expenses are all immediately impacted when gas prices increase. We shall be on the verge of inflation if everything’s price rises.

The following list outlines the particular ways that rising oil costs are having a terrible impact on Indian consumers:

  • Many companies, including the transportation sector, are suffering significantly as gasoline costs continue to squeeze consumers’ wallets.
  • Consumer everyday critical products are soaring in price as inflation creeps in at a terrible rate.
  • Due to the epidemic, there was a global recession.

So, the question you must be thinking likely as:

  • What is the government doing about it?
  • What are the measures taken related to the Fuel price hikes?
  • What is an oil bond?
  • Why is petrol not included in GST?
  • If crude oil is available at the same price in the international market. Then, why do petrol prices differ from country to country?
  • Who controls the price of petrol?

What is an Oil crisis and why does this happen?

The term “oil crisis” refers to a rapid increase in oil prices that is frequently followed by a reduction in supply. Since oil is the primary energy supply for advanced industrial economies, an oil crisis might jeopardize the political and economic stability of the whole global economy.

This flashback occurred in 1973, during the Arab-Israeli War. The USA’s support for Israel infuriated the Arab nations. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, OPEC, boosted the price of oil at a time when the world experienced what is known as the “first oil crisis,” then.

A Brief about Petrol:

Let’s first clarify the petrol that we purchase at gas stations for our cars. You do not receive it straight from the earth.

The crude oil is first inspected and brought to the surface from below. Raw crude oil is what is produced. The refinery is then accessed by this crude oil. The refined raw oil is processed at the refinery before being converted into gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel.

Bharat Petroleum, Hindustan Petroleum, and all of this are delivered to the gas station if I talk about India. All of these businesses, including Reliance and Indian enterprises, are participating in this process.

 Although the procedure is quite straightforward, this is when it all goes wrong. In nations where it was extensively discovered, crude oil is not universally accessible.

But in nations where oil is either nonexistent, scarce, or undiscovered. To keep their nation running, they must purchase crude oil.

Every nation has its own refineries, such as the 23 refineries in India. Crude oil is purchased on the global market and delivered to the refinery. Petrol is produced here.

Not only do automobiles operate on petroleum, but everything is directly or indirectly tied to it. Consider that you may now purchase anything while relaxing in your house.

Due to the fact that petrol serves as the foundation for all forms of transportation and manufacturing.

Because petrol is so crucial in times of scarcity, it is regarded as the most important commodity on earth. The country is impacted by everything, including GDP.

Petrol Diesel Refined Procedure:

India also has access to crude oil, but that is insufficient. Because of this, India imports significant quantities of crude oil whenever it does.

You then receive gasoline from the refineries owned by Bharat Petroleum, Hindustan Petroleum, Indian Corporation, and Reliance.

Crude oil is not a finite resource; once that’s gone, that’s it. Both on land and in the ocean, crude oil is a natural resource.

Every country has a research staff that is always looking for crude oil.

You will also learn about any new fields that are discovered in between. Three countries sell crude oil: the United States, Russia, and OPE.

What is OPEC? Where it is Located?

The organization known as OPEC was established by those nations that produce oil. OPEC is a significant participant on the global stage. The Middle East is where it is. all of the Arab nations,

The decision on the global price of crude oil rests with OPEC. Supply and demand, alter the price of gasoline on the global market.

Top Petrol Brand Companies in India:

The economy of the nation is heavily dependent on the oil and gas sector. One of India’s key sectors and the foundation of the economy is the oil and gas sector. Everyone depends on diesel and petrol in many ways, from businesses to everyday individuals. Oil is a major source of revenue for the nation.

The main Indian petrol brand businesses are listed below:

  • · Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)
  • · Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
  • · Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)
  • · Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)
  • · Oil India Limited
  • · Cairn India
  • · Essar Oil Limited
  • · Reliance Industries Ltd.(RIL)
  • · Shell India Private Limited (Shell)
  • · Essar Oil(Nayara Energy)

Top Crude Oil Supplier Country of India: Oil Imports country stats:

India is the world’s third-largest oil consumer, after only the United States and China. Around 84 percent of India’s crude oil is imported. Most of India’s oil imports come from the Persian Gulf region, mainly from Saudi Arabia and Iraq, although India also imports significant amounts of crude oil from Russia. India’s main oil suppliers are listed above.

  • Iraq
  • Saudi Arabia
  • UAE
  • Russia
  • Iran
  • United States
  • Nigeria
  • Kuwait
  • Venezuela
  • Brazil 

Crude oil Benchmarks types:

When do you wish to purchase a cell phone? From a list of firms, you choose one. Although there are alternative operating systems like Windows, Ubuntu Touch, and Tizen, Your phone’s operating system will either be iOS or Android.

However, you’ll notice that these two operating systems are typically seen in our mobile devices. Similar circumstances arise when you must purchase oil on a global market. Therefore, WTI, or West Texas Intermediate, is one of the two primary benchmarks. There are other standards, but these two are the most important. The second is Brent. Just as iOS and Android both accomplish the same goals yet vary,

WTI crude oil has a higher API gravity than Brent crude oil, yet there are differences between the two as well.

To describe how light oil is? What percentage of water will it float in?

When compared to Brent, WTI has less sulfur. Making refinery-grade gasoline requires more effort and resources due to the high sulfur content.

In comparison, WTI is therefore superior to Brent. However, Brent travels much because it is somewhat affordable. India also uses Brent. You must have noticed when filling up on gas. All of the information listed there is contained in API gravity and sulfur.

Petrol Price Break Up Explained:

These facts will be useful the next time fuel costs rise since they will make it easier to determine if the high costs are due to the global market or something else.

On the global market, crude oil is offered by the barrel. There are approximately 159 litres of oil in a barrel, and the price is now $102 per barrel.

Let’s use the price of petrol in one state as an example:

After processing gasoline at a refinery to create the finished product and adding this 0.38 freight fee to it, firms in India set the price of gasoline at a base price of 31.43 rupees. Is the cost of the transportation needed to deliver gasoline to the gas station pump?

The next most intriguing item is excise duty, which is the highest at 33.96 Rs and was levied by the central government. After the procedure is complete and these 3.79 Rs are denoted as the dealer’s commission, he gets paid 3.79 per litre. And VAT 30.97 is a text that the State Government has mandated.

After taking all of this into account, the gasoline we purchase at the gas station costs Rs 100.15 instead of Rs 31.43.

The world’s highest gasoline tax is levied in India. This explains why the nations to which we supply gasoline. Compared to India, several countries have lower gasoline prices.

Government Role in Petrol Price:

The price of petrol is always being disparaged by people. Why therefore do governments not lower the price of petrol by lowering this tax, which would eventually win those votes?

What then is stopping the government? India has a very strong demand for free goods.

Here, the government offers free computers, subsidized gas, and loan forgiveness. We are extremely aware of this.

To further comprehend the situation, let’s use an example. Assume your home’s current power bill is 200. Any government that waived it and paid you 100 will make you extremely pleased, but because they charge an additional amount through VAT, inflation is rising as a result.

 Our power bill has decreased from 200 to 100, which will make someone very pleased. However, when you leave the house to get groceries, fruits, veggies, chocolate, and other necessities. In order to make up for the loosened price of 100, the prices of all the things have climbed.

On the one hand, the government is giving you goods for free, while on the other, rising inflation has made things worse for you financially.

The government is fully aware that they will lower taxes and VAT. This is done by giving away free products in order to prevent them from being exalted.

Thus, the government complies with your requests. You must have noticed that every party in the parliament is raising a fuss over lowering the price of gasoline, with new remarks being made every day.

However, the same party is not lowering the VAT in its own state by even one percent.

Taxing gasoline at about 70% of 100. While gasoline costs are at an all-time high, you are giving voters free stuff.

Buying a laptop won’t alter anything; creating jobs and educating the kids is what will bring about change.

When deciding which industry will receive freebies, political leaders choose agriculture since it attracts the most people.

60% of individuals work in agriculture, either directly or indirectly. You’ll notice that they only bring the majority of the free items for the farmers for this reason. The state of the farmers would not be what it is now if the free formula were effective. Even now, farmers are still taking their own lives after receiving several freebies and nothing changing.

The government has the ability to immediately increase taxes on alcohol, tobacco, and gasoline by 20 to 25 percent. There will be no issues for the government. Nobody will picket or come on the road to complain about these things. The government has established its budgets for free services and tax hikes. Let’s suppose that we take into consideration alcohol and cigarettes, but many other items are impacted by gasoline when the price of crude oil rises on the global market.

Waiver of debt will have no effect on how well inflation is controlled.

Let’s understand the Petrol price scenarios by the Government

The price of fuel is promptly raised, but it is not decreased when the price is low. Let’s examine the statistics and facts from May 2014 to better comprehend this.

Petrol had a basic price per litre of 47.12 Rs. We used to pay Rs 71.41 for our purchases after excise and VAT taxes. The price of petrol should have been decreased as well because the price of foreign oil in February 2021 was 29.34 Rs.

However, this did not occur; instead, at that time, the fuel price rose much more, to 86.30 Rs. Instead of lowering the cost, the government raised taxes and the fuel price as a whole. This was a joint effort by both political parties, not just one.

Taxes in the Central State increased immediately from 18% to 23%. The taxes that the Central has raised have immediately increased from 17% to 37%.

The government has generated more than 75% of its revenue at this specific moment.

However, when they display the data. People begin supporting their party as a result after many years. I’ll now display the data prior to 2014.

By imposing a tax on base price, the same thing occurred in the year 2012 as well. In fact, there were 13 price increases for fuel in a two-year period.

So why is the government now raising taxes so much? The cost can rise over time. The tax was raised by the government by such a large amount that the tax rise cap had to be ratified by parliament in 2020. The bill’s passage raised the tax threshold. The government first said that. As a result, it is true that the corporations who sell petrol determine its base price.

But the government only controls the tax that is levied against them.

In the event of a separation, oil marketing businesses will set their prices in accordance with the current market rate. The fact that taxes are being levied arbitrarily, however, is the true issue. People continued to disagree, exerting pressure on the government to change its mind by raising taxes so much.

The government responded that since the administration before us had issued oil bonds, we would have to raise taxes.

What is an oil bond?

Every time you need money, you borrow it from a bank and pay interest on it, much like when the government issues bonds and the public purchase them. The government charges interest on them and eventually reimburses the principle.

If such debts are freed in exchange for oil. As a result, it now goes by the moniker Oil Bond and the oil corporation still determines the base fuel price today. Previously, the government would make decisions. Let’s say it decided that the petrol price should be 70 cents, but the price has since increased to 80 cents.

Therefore, the market is to blame for the $10 disparity. The government would issue its bond and provide this as a subsidy without deducting it from the budget, helping the previous administration.

1.34 trillion rupee bond that must pay 9,000 percent interest annually has been issued.

That’s true, but the government issued its bond rather than transferring the funds from the budget has generated 4.18 lakh crore in income in just one year, in 2020–21.

When compared to the prior bond, it is significantly higher. Despite what is being mentioned, the tax is really being raised too much.

Why GST is not included in Petrol & Diesel prices?

Any government, governing or opposition whether petrol is subject to GST As a result, both will be lost. Because of this, despite their forceful statements of condemnation, even the opposition is mute.

In an SBI report, they made an assumption based on an experiment. If petrol is covered by GST. What will occur?

In which the price of one barrel was set at $60 and included in the 28% GST bracket; as a result, the cost of gasoline rose to 75 rupees. And the Central Government suffered a loss of one lakh crores.

Additionally, the state government suffered a loss of $30,000,000. And for this reason, petrol is exempt from GST. Taxes are one thing, but what about fuel infrastructure? As a result, we lag considerably behind other nations. Although we have not kept up with infrastructure maintenance, we need fuel a lot.

Certain Key Objectives and Solutions should be Focused on:

  • To lessen the country’s reliance on imported oil.
  • More oil reserves have to be made available for oil storage.
  • To advance ethanol production-related industrial and technical growth.
  • Government should raise money from gasoline sales instead of through excessive taxes.
  • To support the sugar and sugarcane industries.
  • To prevent the nation from experiencing another economic catastrophe, the government must immediately adopt a number of important actions.

Business Opportunities:

Global warming is being caused by an increase in fuel prices and pollution. It encourages creative problem-solving, the application of concepts, and the pursuit of other avenues that might lead to financial independence and a more sustainable environment.

1. Start a Hydrogen Fuel Cell, Ethanol, or Biodiesel manufacturing plant.

2. Start a Solar panel business.

3. Invest in manufacturing EV vehicles.

4. Start an EV charging station.

5. Solar Installation Company.

6. Energy Consultation Company.

7. Set up Wind Mill Plants for energy production.


Everyone, including us, would be bothered by the news each day about the “petrol-diesel price hike today.” The ups and downs of the oil price are not just a cause of concern for the government, but also impact businesses and consumers. That is why it is important to understand the impact of fluctuations on consumers as well as businesses. In this article, we have tried to cover most of the facts related to Petrol and Diesel Price Hike Reasons.

It is true that the prices of oil and other fuels are linked to the global market as well as to the cost of crude oil. However, when the prices are low, consumers are likely to save more and when the prices are high, consumers will spend more.

Even though the prices of petroleum-based fuels will impact the economy, there are ways to protect consumers from price fluctuations. This can be done by considering the following options. When and how do the prices change?

By monitoring the price of the product and comparing the current price and past prices, one can easily see how volatile the product is. If the prices have increased, then it is a time to buy while if they have decreased, do not wait too long and stock up. In fact, consumers who are planning to buy a certain product can also take advantage of this opportunity by buying more than they can use.

The price of oil is not the only factor that affects the cost of living. Other factors include the cost of living in general, unemployment, cost of food, and housing. We hope these points will help you better manage your wealth, protect your spending and save money while doing so.

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